A Short History of Dominionism

By Sandy Simpson

 

 

In order to understand where the modern fusion called “Dominioism” comes from, I want to first give you definitions of Kingdom Now, Dominionism and Reconstructionism.

 

Dominionism is sparsely defined as follows:

 

“Dominion Theology (also known as Dominionism) is a group of Christian political ideologies that seek to institute a nation governed by Christians based on their personal understandings of biblical law. Extents of rule and ways of achieving governing authority are varied. For example, Dominion Theology can include theonomy, but does not necessarily involve advocating Mosaic law as the basis of government. The label is applied primarily toward groups of Protestants in the United States.” [1]

 

It is more closely defined this way:

 

Dominionism, or Christian Dominionism is a term coined by social scientists and popularized by journalists to refer to a subset of American Christianity that is conservative, politically active, and believes that Christians should, and eventually will, take control of the government. The term is sometimes used as a “catch-all” by bloggers to describe any politically active Christian, but not every conservative, politically minded Christian is a Dominionist. Christian Dominionists believe that God desires Christians to rise to power through civil systems so that His Word might then govern the nation. The belief that “America is a Christian nation” is sometimes called “soft dominionism”; the idea that God wants only Christians to hold government office and run the country according to biblical law is called “hard dominionism.” [2]

 

“Hard Dominioism” as it is called in the above definition, is what C. Peter Wagner (deceased) of the New Apostolic Reformation (a term he coined) have been advocating, following the teachings of the New Order of the Latter Rain and Reformed Theology “Reconstructionism”.  Wagner stated on more than one occasion, in fact pretty consistently after he has been introduced to the Latter Rain the following:

 

“The cultural mandate, which some refer to as Christian social responsibility goes as far back as the Garden of Eden. After God created Adam and Eve, He said to them: "Be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it, have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing... Both the cultural mandate and the evangelistic mandate are essential parts of biblical mission, in my opinion. Neither is optional. There is a growing consensus on this point in Evangelical circles. This was not true as early as twenty-two years ago when the Berlin World Congress on Evangelism was held in 1966. One of the first Evangelicals to stress the cultural mandate in a public forum was Horace Fenton of the Latin America Mission at the Wheaton Congress on the Church's Worldwide Mission, also held in 1966. Following that, the social consciousness generated by the social upheavals of the 1960's brought the cultural mandate to prominence until it was given a relatively high profile on the platform of the International Congress on World Evangelization at Lausanne in 1974."  [3] … See, the problem is, is that Satan has had too much of his way in our society because he has a government!  And the only way to overthrow a government is with a government.  It won’t happen otherwise.  So therefore the government of the church has to get into place in the extended church just like we do have it very well in place, we haven’t reached our goal yet, but it’s very well established in the nuclear church. ... These apostles in the workplace are the ones that are going to come into the picture and with them we’ll be open these gates, without them we can have all the prayer meetings we want, all the marches for Jesus we want, all the prayer walking we want, the gates aren’t going to be opened. Because it takes a government to overthrow a government. Gate number one, letter A, the gate of social transformation, the gate of social transformation.  ... This gate will be opened when we understand about the church in the workplace, that the church has a government, that it takes a government to overthrow a government, and when we understand this, if we renew our minds, if we embrace this paradigm shift, if we see, if we hear what the spirit is saying to the churches, if we recognize ministry in the extended church and government in the extended church, the revival we’ve been praying for is just around the corner.  We will see it. ...And now I pray for every individual here, before you, who is in the workplace, who tomorrow and in the days to come will be going out to their ministries in the workplace, and I impart to them an anointing, I impart to them an anointing for not seeing a job, but seeing a ministry in the workplace.  And I impart an anointing to them and to this whole community to recognize and raise up apostles who will set the church in the workplace in order so that our cities, our communities, our states, and our nations will be transformed for Your glory, in Jesus’ name. [4]

 

If you are an astute and discerning Christian you will already recognize that Wagner’s claims are ridiculous and have nothing whatsoever to do with our “mandate” as Gentile Christians.  But more on that later. 

 

The definition of “Reconstructionism” is:

 

Christian Reconstructionism is a fundamentalist Reformed theonomic movement that developed under the ideas of Rousas Rushdoony, Greg Bahnsen and Gary North; it has had an important influence on the Christian Right in the United States. Reconstructionists advocate theonomy and the restoration of certain biblical laws said to have continuing applicability. The movement declined in the 1990s and was declared dead in a 2008 Church History journal article,although Christian Reconstructionist organizations such as the Chalcedon Foundation and American Vision are active today. Christian Reconstructionists are usually postmillennialists and followers of the presuppositional apologetics of Cornelius Van Til. A Christian denomination that advocates the view of Christian Reconstructionism is the Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States. Most Reformed Christians, however, disavow Christian Reconstructionism and hold to classical covenant theology, the traditional Reformed view of the relationship between the Old Covenant and Christianity. [5]

 

Reconstruction is not dead as it has been absorbed by Dominon theology as evidenced by this quote by Chuck Colson:

 

“Today-some 30 years into my ministry-I have come to believe passionately that all Christians need to take their faith out of the pews and into the trenches. We've got to be faithful to the cultural commission to have dominion, to work for Christian values to arrest our worldview slide.” [6]

 

Another definition of Reconstrucitonism is:

 

Christian Reconstructionism (also known as theonomy) is a highly controversial movement within some conservative Christian circles.  It maintains that the world should be brought under (reconstructed) the lordship of Jesus Christ in all areas:  social, moral, political, judicial, military, family, art, education, music, etc.  Christian Reconstructionism advocates the restoration of Old Testament civil and moral laws in order to reconstruct present American society into an Old Testament type Mosaic form and that the three main areas of society - family, church, government - should all be biblically modeled, the Bible being the sole standard.  This would include severe punishments for law breakers.  Some Christian reconstructionists would advocate death for adulterers, abortionists, idolaters, murderers, homosexuals, rapists, etc. [7]

 

So you can already begin to see the similarities between Dominionism and Reconstructionism. 

 

Kingdom Now theology lays the basis for both Dominionism and Reconstructionism.  Latter Rain is one of the strongest legs of the stool of modern Dominion thsology.  Latter Rain is defined as:

 

The Latter Rain Movement had its beginnings in the years following World War II and was contemporary with the evangelical awakening led by Billy Graham, as well as the Healing Revival of Oral Roberts, Jack Coe, and William Branham. Branham is often erroneously considered the founder of the Latter Rain because those who started it were inspired by attending one of his meetings. Rather, several leaders of the small Pentecostal, 'Sharon Orphanage' in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, were inspired to look for a deeper dimension of Christianity after visiting Branham's meeting. They began to fast and pray in search of it. Later that year, groups organized large revival events, and news quickly swept across Canada and the United States, influencing many Pentecostal believers.” [8]

 

The New Order of the Latter Rain inspired by false prophet William Branham and others, was roundly rejected by the Assemblies of God :

 

“In 1949 at the General Council of the Assemblies of God held in Seattle, the Council overwhelmingly approved a resolution that was prepared by a committee that dealt with the Latter Rain Movement. The resolution adopted disapproved of the following practices of the Latter Rain, and the action was made necessary as a result of the movement invading the Assembly of God churches:

 

1. The overemphasis relative to imparting, identifying, bestowing, or confirming of gifts by the laying on of hands and prophecy.

 

2. The erroneous teaching that the Church is built on the foundation of present-day apostles and prophets.

 

3. The extreme teaching as advocated by the “New Order,” regarding the confession of sin to man and deliverance as practiced, which claims prerogatives to human agency which belongs only to Christ.

 

4. The erroneous teaching concerning the impartation of the gift of languages as special equipment for missionary service.

 

5. The extreme and unscriptural practice of imparting or imposing personal leadings by the means of the gifts of utterance.

 

6. Such other wrestlings and distortions of scripture interpretations which are in opposition to teachings and practices generally accepted among us.(1)

 

The Latter Rain featured individuals with “oil in the hands”; congregational singing of “the song of the Lord” singing in the Spirit; the emphasis on “God is doing a new thing”; the manifested sons of God teaching; the placing of experience over exposition; the branding of those who denounced the movement; getting away from what the church had been.” [9]

 

The influences that have coalesced into the modern form of Dominion Theology are many and varied.  Not all had the same exact interpretation of what Dominionism is, but they all agreed that the mandate of the Church is to take over the governments and every other aspect of life on this planet to prepare for the return of Christ. 

 

First of all, the Catholic Church, almost from the beginning, attempted to establish dominance over the world of the Middle Ages through their “Holy Roman Empire”.  They continue this tradition through the many varied Templar societies such as the Knights of Malta, whose membership includes Rick Joyner, Paul Cain and Jerry Boykin and who continue to swear fealty to the pope.

 

Some quotes by those organizations and individuals who espouse Dominionism:

 

Catholic Church

 

For its part, the Church is better served by staying out of the political and ideological weeds, focusing instead on forming societies in relation to the meaning and responsibilities of dominion … [10]

It follows, then, that with such capabilities, and by virtue of our dignity, God placed human beings in governance over his creation: "Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth" (Gen. 1:26). This dominion was specified as a command to "till and keep" the garden, and was first manifested in the naming of the animals (Gen. 2:15—20). Since naming something is to know that thing’s nature, we see the first manifestation of man’s rational nature. Moreover, by the command of the Lord to till and keep the garden, we can assume that man was commanded to use his rationality in the governance of creation for the sake of bringing forth fruit from the earth. As is evidenced by man’s original "nakedness," we can conclude that man’s dominion over creation was intended to provide us with the means for sustaining and enhancing our existence. This stands in stark contrast to the animals and plants for which God’s eternal law has provided physical attributes that sustain their existence. All of this occurred before the Fall, and it constitutes the originating Catholic vision of man’s place within the created order. [11]

(Catholic Catechism) #307 To human beings God even gives the power of freely sharing in his providence by entrusting them with the responsibility of "subduing" the earth and having dominion over it. God thus enables men to be intelligent and free causes in order to complete the work of creation, to perfect its harmony for their own good and that of their neighbors. Though often unconscious collaborators with God's will, they can also enter deliberately into the divine plan by their actions, their prayers and their sufferings. They then fully become "God's fellow workers" and co-workers for his kingdom. [12]

 

Knights of Malta

 

The Knights of Malta are under the pope.

 

In  accordance  with  the  Code  of  Canon  Law, the  churches  and  conventual  institutions  of  the Order  are  exempt  from  the  jurisdiction of  the dioceses  and are directly subject to the Holy See. [13]

 

General Jerry Boykin (Grand Chancellor in the Knights of Malta)

 

Boykin said that the U.S. military is recruiting a spiritual army that will draw strength from a greater power to defeat its enemy. [14]

 (Boykin) told the First Baptist Church of Broken Arrow, Okla. on June 30, 2002, “What I’m here to do today is to recruit you to be warriors of God’s kingdom.” [15]

Boykin not only went on a speaking tour to recruit “warriors,” but prior to the tour, he’d invited a select group of Southern Baptist pastors to meet him at the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School at Fort Bragg, NC on April 22-23 of 2003. According to the promotional materials sent out to the group of Southern Baptist pastors, they would be given unprecedented access to the military base while being recruited for the denomination’s “Super FAITH Force Multiplier” program. Boykin’s invitation was extended in a letter authored by the Rev. Bobby H. Welch, pastor of the First Baptist Church in Daytona Beach, Fla. The planned meeting was scaled back after attorneys for Americans United for Separation of Church and State complained that Boykin was “using his official position to advance the religious mission of the Southern Baptist Convention’s FAITH Force Multipliers program.” [16]

(Boykin) was recruiting soldiers to fight a war to set up God’s Kingdom on earth!  [17]

 

Rick Joyner –NAR, In Knights of Malta) (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Paul Cain—Latter Rain, associate of William Branham, in Knights of Malta)

 

"...all the sick are gonna be healed, the dead are gonna be raised and nations are gonna turn to God in a day." [18]

"God's raising up a new standard, a new banner, if you will, that's going to radically change the expression, the understanding of Christianity in our generation...God has invited us to have a role in establishing a new order of Christianity...God is offering to this generation something He has never offered to any other generation...beware lest old order brethren rob you and steal this hope from you." [19]

I don’t know what the Second Coming is to you, …but let me tell you he’s coming to you, he’s coming to his church, he’s coming to abide in you, to take up his abode in you…. I want you to know he’s coming to the Church before he comes for the Church. He’s gonna perfect the Church so the Church can be the Image, be Him, and be his representation. [20]

 

William Branham

 

Brother Branham declared that the Sons of God must take over dominion of the earth again.

“Then when God was made flesh and became the Messiah, then if we can yield ourselves to be the anointed like He was, we become Messiahettes, little Lights. That's what the church is supposed to be: lights, little anointed ones. That's God's church. His standing Light is the Light of Messiah, risen Christ in His people, the anointed ones, carrying forth His Light into all the church ages. Sometimes It almost goes completely out; then It comes back again. God's anointed One, God's Messiahic church... If Messiah means "the anointed One," and means "King," then if the church is anointed by the Messiah Spirit, it becomes a lesser but still a Messiah; because it has His Light, reflecting His power, reflecting His glory, reflecting His dominion. So it is Messiah. Oh, how it reflects Him in His Kingdom in His domain.” [21]

 

Franklin Hall

 

Franklin Hall In his book, Subdue the Earth, Rule the Nations, quotes Revelation 12:5, and equates the man child of the sun-clothed woman with the overcomers: The man-child company will have dominion of this planet first. Those who possess a house may decide who shall occupy it. In the same manner, as a group from the church take up their authority and rulership of the planet that God gave them, they will likewise be able to choose whom they will, to occupy it. (Franklin Hall, Subdue The Earth, Rule The Nations, p. 11 (Franklin Hall Ministries, 1966). [22] [bold added]

Franklin Hall, a forerunner and promoter of the Latter Rain in the 40's stated: “The man-child group of the sons of God will be required “to rule the nations, with a rod of iron” (Revelation 12:5). To those not accepting this invitation into Holy Ghost Light Of fire, there is but one alternative: the opposite to light is DARKNESS. The Light of Life will be to them a blinding and consuming fire of destruction!” (Franklin Hall, Subdue The Earth, Rule The Nations, Franklin Hall Ministries, 1966, p. 57.) [23]

 

George Hawtin

 

The first part of the question is, "What is man'!" The second part of the question is, -That Thou art mindful of him?" Or, "What hast Thou in mind for man?" The answer is that man will be given dominion, when his perfection comes and his Christ-likeness is complete, over fish, over birds, and over the beasts and creeping things of the earth. Gen. 1:26. The fish represent the things beneath. The birds represent the things in the heavens above. The beasts and creeping things represent things on the earth. That is what God decreed in the beginning, and that is His immutable intention now and in the ages to come man in God's image, ruler and lord of the universe...We have already considered how Adam's dominion over the fish beneath the earth, the animals on the earth, and the birds above the earth was a prophetic foreshadow of man's eventual glory as judge and ruler of the universe under God's authority and with the mind of Christ. … [24]

 

New Order of the Latter Rain [25]

 

Ern Baxter (associate of William Branham) (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

”)

 

George Warnock

 

...and they do not understand that it is God in mercy preparing His people to enter into the very heritage of Canaan. They do not realize that this is but the foretaste and earnest of their heritage, and that God would now lead them in to possess the land. And so King Saul--for he was king, and this was his battle, and his victory--he charged the people with a strange oath, forbidding them to eat any food until he was avenged of his enemies. (Just that very morning he was resting under a pomegranate tree with no thought of pursuing the enemy at all. But he must maintain his kingdom and show his authority and keep the people under his rule and sway … [26]

 

New Thought [27]

 

Bill Hamon (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

John Wimber

 

Dominion Theology was espoused by John Wimber, who was networked through a group of churches called "The Vineyard Churches." Wimber's teaching was, in his words, "As believers, we are to take power over Satan and demons, we are to exercise dominion over them." [28]

Founder of the Vineyard churches. Prior to the ministry, he was manager of the pop singing group, The Righteous Brothers, he chose to go into ministry, into the Quaker church. As time went on, he pulled a group of people together, and unilaterally announced formation of a church with himself as pastor. He formed this church under the umbrella of the Calvary Chapel churches in California, but a few years later, took his church, and several others out to form his own denomination, the Vineyard. His theology appears to have consisted of: (1) "New Breed"/Manifest Sons of God (See note 25). (2) Joel's Army : We are to conquer the world as the  manifested sons of God (i.e. in our glorified bodies) to bring in the Millennium.(3) Dominion/Kingdom Now theology (4) Opposed to testing manifestations by scripture (5) Believed in the "corporate Christ". (Christ is not required during the millennium since we are Christ (the body thereof)). Christ needs us, because without his body he is incomplete. (6) Accepted use of relics for healing. (per Roman Catholic Church). (7) Paradigm Shift: A shift in the way that Christians think from a rationalistic view, to an approach where doctrine is developed using experiential approach. (8) Claimed (along with C. Peter Wagner) that the Laughter Movement is the "Third Wave", the Reformation being the first and the Charismatic Renewal being the second. [29]

 

C. Peter Wagner (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Chuck Pierce

 

Then, from our seated position, we can walk in the earth clothed in His glory and dispel darkness. He came to overcome the works of the devil, and we can do this as we remain in Him…what you are really contending over is your Garden or Promised Land dominion. [30]

 

Cindy Jacobs

 

 “I want to tell you, and I believe, that we are on a verge of the greatest awakening, not only what we would say just in the church, but we are on the verge of the greatest awakening that we have ever seen in our history as a nation.” [31]

 

Francis Frangepane(see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Jim Laffoon (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Jack Deere

 

“Prophet” Jack Deere, who served with John Wimber at Vineyard Christian Fellowship, explains their view of this end-time army of God: How is God going to bring judgment upon His Church and then judgment upon the land after His Church? He’s going to do it with a large and mighty army. [32]

 

Todd Bentley

 

God spoke to the children of Israel to build Him a tabernacle because He wanted to come and dwell with them. If you don't build it He won't come and stay. You won't have a habitation without it. We are talking about creating an atmosphere so He can dwell and linger, a sanctuary, a place reserved. A place where the heavens open and we keep going back to keep it open. [33]

 

Ed Silvoso

 

"The Church now has been placed potentially in the control of the heavenly places once ruled by the prince of the power of the air.  But this reconstituted church must engage and defeat the enemy and retake the heavenlies in the name of her Lord, so that the eyes of those still being held captive by Satan will be opened." [34]

 

John Dawson

 

"We must overcome the enemy before employing other methods of ministry." [35]

"He (God) knew that a person would enter his or her inheritance only by taking dominion." [36]

 

Rousas Rushdoony (Founder of Reformed Reconstructionism)

 

The purpose of Christ's coming was in terms of the creation mandate… The redeemed are called to the original purpose of man, to exercise dominion under God, to be covenant-keepers, and to fulfil "the righteousness of the law" (Rom. 8:4)… Man is summoned to create the society God requires. [37]

 

Chuck Colson (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

R.C. Sproul

 

Second, be careful not to heed those critics who have precious little understanding of theonomy or reconstruction. Those on the left, both theologically and politically, delight to present these heirs of the Puritans as evangelical jihadists hell-bent on imposing a Calvinistic fascist regime on the rest of the world. Nothing could be further from the truth. Theonomists, like the rest of us, long to see justice in the political realm. They long to see the nations discipled. They long to see the kingdom made manifest. They long to see every knee bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. Who, within His kingdom, could ever argue with that? [38]

 

Vinson Synon (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Bishop Earl Paulk (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Ern Baxter (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Benny Hinn

 

Benny Hinn states Hab. 2:14: “for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea. This is happening around the world today” (July 17, 2000)  [39]

 

Kenneth Hagin (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Gary North (see my article called “Dominionism Exposed”, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/dominionismexposed.html)

 

Gary DeMar (see my article called “Who Invented Dominionism?”, http://herescope.blogspot.com/2011/09/who-invented-dominionism.html)

 

Loren Cunnigham (see my article called “Who Invented Dominionism?”, http://herescope.blogspot.com/2011/09/who-invented-dominionism.html)

 

Bill Bright (see my article called “Who Invented Dominionism?”, http://herescope.blogspot.com/2011/09/who-invented-dominionism.html)

 

Abraham Kuyper

 

“We may never build a wall of separation between the kingdom of heaven and the lower orders of creation, as if [they] no longer have anything to do with us once we enter the kingdom. This would be a false spiritualism that finds no support anywhere in Scripture. It is not as if souls alone will be saved or that at the very most, humanity will be saved as a race. Our King’s dominion must include all of creation, and for that reason all orders and kingdoms in creation must be saved from the oppression under which they now groan.” [40]

 

Jeremy Rifkin

 

Rifkin especially liked the fact that the "new evangelicals" believed that there was a "mistake in Christian doctrine, ... the misinterpretation of the concept of dominion in the Genesis account of creation."(p.245) He noticed, "Now, for the first time, evangelical scholars are beginning to redefine the meaning of dominion, and in so doing, they are creating the theological foundations for a steady-state world view."(p. 245) These "new evangelical scholars" were developing theologies that taught that "anything that exploits or harms God's creations is sinful and an act of rebellion against God himself."(p. 245) Worse, "anything that undermines the 'fixed' purpose and order that God has given to the natural world is also sinful and an act of rebellion. This is no small theological point."(p. 245-6) So, according to this worldview, "Dominionism means stewardship over nature."(p. 246) And there are serious penalties for non-compliance with the stewardship/Dominion mandate. This then leads to the idea of a covenant. [41] [emphasis added]

These quotes are just the tip of the iceberg.  You will find many more in our upcoming book on Dominionism.  Suffice it to say many have been given over to the idea of man taking Dominion over the world for God and today most of those streams have coalesced into what is not the modern form of Dominionism, espoused in particular by the New Apostolic Reformation or Third Wave.  We hope the book will educate you as to the many issues of the unbiblical teachings that constitute Dominionism because of the way the Scriptures are being twisted out of their original context and meaning.

 

“A Short History” Endnotes

1.      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominion_Theology

2.      https://www.gotquestions.org/Christian-dominionism.html

3.      C. Peter Wagner, "On the Cutting Edge of Mission Strategy," Perspectives on the World Christian Movement, A Reader, Revised Edition (Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1981,1992), pp. D-45-46.

4.      C. Peter Wagner, Arise Prophetic Conference, Gateway Church, San Jose, CA, 10-10-2004

5.      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Reconstructionism

6.      Chuck Colson, Prison Ministry and Worldview: A Match Made in Heaven, Prison Fellowship, 08/29/2004,http://www.pfm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=PFM_Site&template=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentlD=1 2515

7.      https://carm.org/christian-reconstructionism-theonomy

8.      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latter_Rain_(post%E2%80%93World_War_II_movement

9.      http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/ditc11.htm

10.  Environmental dogma, domination, and dominion by Thomas M. Duran, The Catholic World Report, http://www.catholicworldreport.com/2017/02/19/environmental-dogma-domination-and-dominion/

11.  The Catholic Church and Stewardship of Creation by Father J. Michael Beers, Ph.D., S.S.L., Associate Professor in Historical Theology, Pontifical College Josephinum, Dr. Russell Hittinger, Warren Professor of Catholic Studies, University of Tulsa, Father Matthew Lamb, S.T.L., Professor of Theology, Boston College, Father Richard John Neuhaus, President, Institute for Religion & Public Life, Dr. Robert Royal, President, Faith and Reason Institute, Father Robert A. Sirico, President, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty at Action Institute, https://acton.org/public-policy/environmental-stewardship/theology-e/catholic-church-and-stewardship-creation

12.  Catechism of the Catholic Church, Providence and Secondary Causes, citing Col 1:24, 1 Cor 3:9; 1 Thes 3:2; Col 4:11, http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p1s2c1p4.htm

13.  Constitutional Charter and Code, Knights of Malta, Article 4, Part 2, https://www.orderofmalta.int/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Sovereign-Order-of-Malta-Constitutional-Charter-and-code.pdf

14.  Washington Post, August 19, 2004. “General’s Speeches Broke Rules,” By R. Jeffrey Smith and Josh White. At http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?A14262-2004Aug19?language=printer

15.  http://www.homestead.com/prosites-prs/generalboykin.html

16.  Americans United, “U.S. Military Support For Baptist Evangelism Program Draws Protest From Americans United” April 7, 2003. Published at: http://www.au.org/site/News2 page=NewsArticle&id=5114&abbr=pr&security=1002&ne

17.  See “The Despoiling Of America: How George W. Bush Became the Head of the new American Dominionist Church State” February 11, 2004, by Katherine Yurica at: http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/TheDespoilingOfAmerica.htm

18.  Bob Jones and Paul Cain, "Selections from the Kansas City Prophets," audiotape

19.  Paul Cain, "You Can Become the Word!", 1989, Vineyard Prophetic Conference, with comment from Deception In The Church, 1997

20.  Paul Cain, in a Grace Ministries (“Kansas City Prophets,” precursor to IHOP) tape, November 1988, titled “My Father’s House. This is cited by Ed Tarkowski in the article “The Signifiance of Filled Stadiums,” http://www.discernment-ministries.org/Articles/FilledStadiums.pdf. Emphasis added. Mike Bickle has a longtime association with C. Peter Wagner of the NAR. See, e.g.,http://www.discernment-ministries.org/Newsletters/NL1998NovDec.pdf 

21.  http://www.dewitttabernacle.org/mystery%20of%20the%20inheritence%20of%20the%20sons%20of%20god.htm; William Branham, The Messiah 61-0117

22.  Mike Oppenheimer, "A NEW Thing," Let Us Reason, http://www.letusreason.org/Latrain11.htm, 

23.  Mike Oppenheimer, "The Cleansing for the Kingdom," http://www.letusreason.org/latrain14.htm

24.  To understand this "man-child" concept, see page 40 of the book Strange Fire: The Rise of Gnosticism in the Church by Travers and Jewel van der Merwe, posted online http://www.discernment-ministries.org/StrangeFire.pdf. Also see the May/June 2007 Discernment Newsletter, http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/May-June2007.htm

25.  The Restitution of All Things by George Hawtin, https://www.godfire.net/restitutionHawtin.html

26.  http://www.letusreason.org/Latrain7.htm

27.  The Feast of Tabernacles, George Warnock, http://latter-rain.com/escha/warnock.htm

28.  New Thought & Mind Sciences, http://www.letusreason.org/WF48.htm

29.  John Wimber cited in The Deception of Dominion Theology, http://dominion-theology.blogspot.com/

30.  John Wimber, The Interactive Bible, 1998

31.  Chuck Pierce, “This is NOT a Time to be Passive but to Go to War and Worship Violently!” TheElijahList, August 7, 2010, http://www.elijahlist.com/words/html/textonly-080710-Pierce.html

32.  Remarks by Cindy Jacobs transcribed in “Jacobs: ‘The Bible is the Government of the People, by the People, and for the People,” April 16, 2010, http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/jacobs-bible-government-people-people-and-people Video coverage and more articles from the perspective of the political Left can be found at: http://www.alternet.org/news/146634/exposing_the_christian_right%27s_new_racial_playbook_/ and also here: http://www.truthwinsout.org/blog/2010/04/8311/

33.  Jack Deere, “It Sounds Like the Mother of All Battles “Joel’s Army” (Vineyard Ministries International. 1990, audiocassette message); as quoted in “Joel’s Army” by Mike Oppenheimer: http://www.letusreason.org/Latrain10.htm.

34.  Advertisement on TheElijahList for Todd Bentley’s CD “Preparing for Habitation: Secrets to Having God’s Presence in Your Life Continuously,” April 23, 2008. Emphasis added. 

35.  Ed Silvoso, "That None Should Perish­How to Reach Entire Cities for Christ through Prayer Evangelism" (Regal: Ventura CA 1994), p. 117.

36.  Dawson, "Engaging the Enemy: How to Fight and Defeat Territorial Spirits," Regal Books, 1991

37.  John Dawson, And In This Corner, Born To Battle, Chapter 12, p. 128

38.  Rushdoony 1973, pp. 3–4., https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Reconstructionism#cite_note FOOTNOTERushdoony19733.E2.80.934-34

39.  What Is Reconstructionism? What Is Theonomy? by R.C. Sproul, http://www.ligonier.org/blog/what-reconstructionism-what-theonomy/

40.  This promise is to the King of Babylon and the Babylonians who built their city with blood. (Babylon is a type of the world who serve self and not God) One day this will all change when the Lord comes to set up his kingdom that he will be acknowledged by everyone. But Many are saying this is actually happening now through the gospel and the Church’s influence. (Mike Oppenheimer, Kingdom Triumphalism, http://www.letusreason.org/Latrain12.htm

41.  https://blog.logos.com/2016/07/10-thought-provoking-quotes-from-abraham-kuyper/

42.  "The EMERGENT BLUEPRINT: Part 5: The Next Great Awakening. . . Or Great Deadening?" Herescope, 10/6/10, http://herescope.blogspot.com/2010/10/emergent-blueprint.html . This article was part of a series. Part 6, titled "The Emerging Order" can be accessed here: http://herescope.blogspot.com/2010/10/emerging-order.html Note that Rifkin, like other proponents of Dominionism, refers to a Second Reformation and a Third Great Awakening, which are connected to the idea of a New Apostolic Reformation at a multitude of levels. Note Constance Cumbey's insightful comments and history on  Jeremy Rifkin's Dominionism. We are indebted to Cumbey for alerting us to Rifkin in her book A Planned Deception, where she says that Rifkin wrote in his book ENTROPY: A New World View (Bantam, 1981) that "...Only the entropy paradigm provides a scythe that is both sharp enough to cut through the tangled debris of this death-bound culture and broad enough to clear a path for the dawn of a new age. . . The specifics of what is to be done can only come after a thorough cleansing away of the last remaining vestiges of the mechanical world view. Our own conversion is the first order of business. Only when we have cast aside forever the old way of thinking and behaving and take onto ourselves the new entropic world view will we be ready to go forth and remake our culture. The new order of the ages must begin with a revolution in science, education and religion. . ." (Citation: http://www.discernment-ministries.org/Newsletters/NL1998AugSep.pdf)