IPM False Teaching
about the “Names of God”
by Sandy Simpson, Apologetics Coordination Team,
More false teachings on the “names of God” were presented by Danny Lehmann, YWAM Director in Honolulu on the KLHT radio station in Honolulu again on Friday, June 23, 2006. Further arguments were made to try to shore up the false doctrines that he and others of the IPM, including Don Richardson, Richard Twiss, Daniel Kikawa, have been teaching. Their claim is that God has many names in many cultures and can be legitimately worshipped by those names. Lehmann argues that the proof of this idea comes from the fact that in the Bible God has many “names”. He goes on to use examples like Jehovah Jirah, Theos, El Elyon, etc.
What Lehmann has overlooked is that God gave His name to Moses at the burning bush.
Ex 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
God’s name is “I Am”, YHWH, Yahweh in Hebrew or Jehovah in English. That is the name He gave Himself. Other names in the Bible for God are not His Name but attributes added to His name to describe Who He is.
JEHOVAH-JIREH: “The Lord will Provide.” Gen. 22:14.
JEHOVAH-ROPHE: "The Lord Who Heals” Ex. 15:22-26.
JEHOVAH-NISSI: “The Lord Our Banner.” Ex. 17:15.
JEHOVAH-M'KADDESH: “The Lord Who Sanctifies” Lev. 20:8.
JEHOVAH-SHALOM: “The Lord Our Peace” Judges 6:24.
JEHOVAH ELOHIM: “LORD God” Gen. 2:4; Judges 5:3; Isa. 17:6; Zeph. 2:9; Psa. 59:5, etc.
JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU: “The Lord Our Righteousness” Jer. 23:5, 6, 33:16.
JEHOVAH-ROHI: “The Lord Our Shepherd” Psa. 23.
JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH: “The Lord is There” Ezek. 48:35.
JEHOVAH-SABAOTH: “The Lord of Hosts” Isa. 1:24; Psa. 46:7, 11; 2 Kings 3:9-12; Jer. 11:20 (NT: Rom. 9:29; James 5:4, Rev. 19: 11-16).
These “names of God” are His actual name, YHWH, with an attribute added to describe Him. The name of God, the One “What” eternally existing in three “Whos”, is YHWH.
Let's deal with some of the other attributive descriptions of God which are not His Name but describe Who He is.
ADONAI: An attributive description for God meaning “Lord” in our English Bibles. Also used 215 times to refer to men. First use of Adonai, Gen. 15:2. (Ex. 4:10; Judges 6:15; 2 Sam. 7:18-20; Ps. 8, 114:7, 135:5, 141:8, 109:21-28).
SHEPHERD: An attributive description. Psa. 23, 79:13, 95:7, 80:1, 100:3; Gen. 49:24; Isa. 40:11.
JUDGE: An attributive description. Psa. 7:8, 96:13.
ABHIR: An attributive description menaing 'Mighty One', (“to be strong”) Gen. 49:24; Deut. 10:17; Psa. 132:2, 5; Isa. 1:24, 49:26, 60:1.
BRANCH: An attributive description meaning “The Branch”: Zech. 3:8, 6:12; Isa. 4:2; Jer. 23:5, 33:15.
KADOSH: An attributive description meaning “Holy One” Psa. 71:22; Isa. 40:25, 43:3, 48:17. Isaiah uses the expression “the Holy One of Israel” 29 times.
SHAPHAT: An attributive description or the “Judge” Gen. 18:25
KANNA: An attributive description meaning “Jealous” (zealous). Ex. 20:5, 34:14; Deut. 5:9; Isa. 9:7; Zech. 1:14, 8:2.
PALET: An attributive description meaning “Deliverer” Psa. 18:2.
YESHA: An attributive description meaning “Savior” Isa. 43:3. From this the name of Jesus (Yeshua) comes which harkens back to YHWH. Messiah (Christ) or Mashiach or Mashiyach is an attributive name meaning “Anointed One”.
GAOL: An attributive description meaning “Redeemer” (to buy back by paying a price). Job 19:25.
MAGEN: An attributive description meaning “Shield” Psa. 3:3, 18:30.
STONE: An attributive description. Gen. 49:24
EYALUTH: An attributive description meaning “Strength” Psa. 22:19.
TSADDIQ: An attributive description meaning “Righteous One” Psa. 7:9.
ZUR: An attributive description meaning “God our Rock” Deut. 32:18; Isa. 30:29.
'ATTIQ YOMIN (Aramaic): An attributive description meaning “Ancient of Days,” Dan. 7:9, 13, 22.
MELEKH: An attributive description meaning “King” Psa. 5:2, 29:10, 44:4, 47:6-8, 48:2, 68:24, 74:12, 95:3, 97:1, 99:4, 146:10; Isa. 5:1, 5, 41:21, 43:15, 44:6; 52:7, 52:10.
THE FIRST AND LAST: An attributive description. Isa. 44:6, 48:12.
THE ANGEL OF THE LORD: An attributive description. Gen. 16:7ff, 21:17, 22:11, 15ff, 18:1-19:1, 24:7, 40, 31:11-13, 32:24-30; Ex. 3:6, 13:21, Ezek. 1:10-13. Seen in the theophanies, or pre-incarnate appearances of the Son of God in the OT (See I Cor. 10:3 NT).
We then move on to the “El” attributive descriptions.
EL: a general word for “god” in the Middle East, like “god” in English. Gen. 7:1, 28:3, 35:11; Nu. 23:22; Josh. 3:10; 2 Sam. 22:31, 32; Neh. 1:5, 9:32; Isa. 9:6; Ezek. 10:5.
ELOHIM: God (a plural form of “El”, more than two, used with singular verbs); Elohim occurs 2,570 times in the OT, 32 times in Gen. 1. God as Creator, Preserver, Transcendent, Mighty and Strong. Eccl., Dan. Jonah use Elohim almost exclusively. See Gen. 17:7, 6:18, 9:15, 50:24; I Kings 8:23; Jer. 31:33; Isa. 40:1.
EL SHADDAI: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning God Almighty or “God All Sufficient.” 48 times in the OT, 31 times in Job. First used in Gen. 17:1, 2. (Gen. 31:29, 49:24, 25; Prov. 3:27; Micah 2:1; Isa. 60:15, 16, 66:10-13; Ruth 1:20, 21)
EL ELYON: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning “Most High” (from “to go up”) Deut. 26:19, 32:8; Psa. 18:13; Gen. 14:18; Nu. 24:16; Psa. 78:35, 7:17, 18:13, 97:9, 56:2, 78:56, 18:13; Dan. 7:25, 27; Isa. 14:14.
EL-OLAM: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning “Everlasting God” (God of everlasting time) Gen. 21:33; Psa. 90:1-3, 93:2; Isa. 26:4.
EL-BERITH: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning “God of the Covenant” Used of Baal in Judges 9:46. Probably used originally to refer to the God of Israel.
EL-GIBHOR: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning “Mighty God” (Isa. 9:6).
EL ROI: The generic word for “god” with an attribute added meaning “God of Seeing” (Hagar in Gen. 16:13.)
We also have the general word for “god” in Greek.
THEOS: General Greek word for “god” as in English “god”. Capitalized in the Bible it refers to YHWH.
There is only one name of God, YHWH, Yahweh or Jehovah. There are attributive names given to each person of the Trinity by which we may also worship God, as we may worship Him by naming his attributes above.
FATHER: The Person of the Father, which is also an attribute of YHWH. 2 Sam. 7:14-15; Psa. 68:5; Isa. 63:16, 64:8; Mal. 1:6.
SON: The Person of the Son, which is also an attribute of YHWH. Joshua or Yeshua which means “Savior”, or Jesus in Greek. Messiah (Christ) or Mashiach or Mashiyach is an attributive name meaning “Anointed One”.
HOLY SPIRIT: The Person of the Holy Spirit, which is also an attribute of YHWH. Qodesh Ruwach in Hebrew (Is. 63:10) or Hagios Pneuma in Greek (Luke 11:13).
The evil that IPM leaders are trying use to diaprax Christians is an attempt to legitimize the names of the “gods” of other cultures claiming we can worship YHWH with those names as well. But what do Baal, Osirus, Amon, Marduk, Molech, ‘Io, Thakur Jiu or Amenomenakanushi have to do with YHWH? The answer is ... NOTHING! They are false demonic gods who are not the same as the revelation of YHWH given to Moses as recorded in the Bible. God was very clear that the gods, and even supreme beings of the nations including Amon (Jer. 46:25), Marduk (Daniel 3:16-18) and Hadad (1 Kings 20:28) are not Himself and would be judged. We worship a God with a name ... YHWH. That is the name with which He revealed Himself exclusively to the Jews and later through them to those who believed on Him. His name was never Baal. It was never Marduk. It was never ‘Io. This is because there was no special revelation to the cultures that worshipped these gods about the true God of Israel. To promote worship in the names of other gods, men, animals, or any created thing, claiming they are YHWH, is blasphemy.
John 10:33 The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.”
The Jewish leaders were correct because for any person, angel or demon to claim they are God, the “I Am”, when they are not is blasphemy. Jesus Christ (Yeshua Ha Mashiach) stated that He was the “I AM” clearly in answer to their questions of Him:
John 8:57-59 “You are not yet fifty years old,” the Jews said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!” “I tell you the truth,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am! ” At this, they picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus hid himself, slipping away from the temple grounds.
The problem with the Jewish religious elite was that they did not recognize that God had come in the flesh, Jesus Christ. The Son told these leaders Who He was ... by Name! Christians, true followers of YHWH, recognize that there is only One God eternally existing in three Persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. All three are named YHWH and all the other gods of the nations are idols; therefore they are demonic.
Ps 96:5 For all the gods of the nations are idols: but the
LORD (YHWH) made the heavens. (NKJV)
1 Cor. 10:19-20 Do I mean then that a sacrifice offered to an idol is anything, or that an idol is anything? No, but the sacrifices of pagans are offered to demons, not to God, and I do not want you to be participants with demons.
Yet Danny Lehmann, in his Word to the World radio program on KLHT, aired 6/26/06, stated this:
“...the big deal is not the name that we use for God, but the concept and the authority that that God carries with him ...”1
In light of this half-truth, half-lie, I have to wonder what Lehmann and his YWAM associates, who are using this strategy of “evangelism”, have to say about the following verses and scores of others like them:
Ac 4:12 “Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is
no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”
Php 2:10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth,
Ps 72:17 His name shall endure forever; His name shall continue as long as the sun. And men shall be blessed in Him; All nations shall call Him blessed.
Lu 24:47 “and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Lehmann cites an example, on his radio show in front of Christians and non-Christians alike, that the name of a false god of the Santal people of Calcutta, Thakur Jiu, was used by a Norwegian missionary to explain the Gospel to them. He got this information from Eternity in Their Hearts by Don Richardson.
“Just the other day we looked a a Norwegian missionary by the name of Lars Skrefsrud who found that as he used the cultural open door of the Santal, Santal being a tribal group north of Calcutta in India, the Santal name for God which was Thakur Jiu, “Thukur” being an adjective that means “genuine” and “Jiu” which is the Santal name for God, they were able to use that to in order to help these folks to be able to recognize that Thakur Jiu was the one true God, He had Jesus Christ as His Son, and then in the discipling process Lars Skrefsrud discipled them out of their false understanding of God that was exemplified in Thakur Jiu ...”2
I am truly sorry to speak ill of the dead, but Lars was in grave error. First of all, if as Danny claims, Lars taught the Santal people that Thakur Jiu was the “one true God” with a son named Jesus Christ, and then went on to “disciple” them by teaching that they had a “false understanding of God”, that is a contradictory teaching. Either Thakur Jiu is the true God, or He is not. The fact is that Thakur Jiu never had a son, nor was his son born a Jew, nor was his son’s name Yeshua. Even their own obviously syncretized version of their mythology mentions no son at all. Thakur Jiu is a “supreme being” but is not YHWH. Here is an explanation from a Santal cultural web site about Thakur Jiu:
“The Santals like any other tribes in the world recognize and believe in a Supreme Being who is given a pre-eminent position and is considered to be the 'supreme' among all the religious beings. The old Gurus are positive that the Supreme Being is not a Bonga but stands above all, remarks P.O. Bodding (1932:324). Traditionally, the Santals referred to 'this supreme deity' as Thakur Jiu. However the most common Santal term used for the Supreme deity these days is Cando Baba. The Santals here do not refer literally to 'the Sun itself as most scholars believe but that it is a manifestation of a divine activity, an expression of divine love in relation to man. Thus the East, - the direction of the rising Sun has a special significance in Santals Socio-religious rituals and practices. Hence, the Santals face towards the East while worshipping or while taking oaths. The Santals have a deep faith in Cando Baba or the Thakur Jiu who is considered to be the Creator of the Universe and all that exist in the Universe; and he too is the sustainer. Cando Baba is a benevolent deity. Referring to the remarks of Kolean, the old Santal guru, Bodding.(1925:1) writes - God is thought to be fairly well satisfied with the Santals and will not distress them except when it may be absolutely necessary. Being a benevolent deity, the Santals do not worry about him much and there is no specific worship to appease him. However he is remembered with the deepest honour and humility during the important ceremonies associated with marriage and death; he is also called upon as a witness to the solemn oath-takings and is invoked during natural calamities like droughts and famines; in these occasions a white fowl is sacrificed to appease him.”3
Notice that there is no mention of a son, and in fact the Santal people did not even “worship” or “appease” Thakur Jiu. The question for Lehmann is this: did the Jews tell the Egyptians that Amon was the true God? Did Paul tell the Greeks that Zeus had another son (who would be among many with different mythological women according to their religion) whose name was Jesus Christ? The answer is absolutely never! Lehmann, following the teaching of Don Richardson in Eternity In Their Hearts, claims that Gentiles like the Santal, Hawaiians, Japanese and many others already knew God when the Bible says they did not (Eph. 2:11-13).
1Co 1:21 For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through
wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the
message preached to save those who believe.
Ga 4:8 But then, indeed, when you did not know God, you served those which by nature are not gods.
The Gentiles were dead in their transgressions (Col. 2:13). Lehmann, YWAM and many other New Apostolic agencies are preaching in DIRECT OPPOSITION to what the Scriptures teach on this subject. In the process of teaching these things they are deceiving churches they did not plant and Christians they did not disciple.
Finally, true followers of YHWH do not invoke or worship false gods, ESPECIALLY calling YHWH by the names of false Gentile gods.
Exodus 23:13 “And in all that I have said to you, be
circumspect and make no mention of the name of other gods, nor let it be
heard from your mouth. (NKJV)
Exodus 23:13 “Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips. (NIV)
In the end times we will see a global apostate religion rise in support of the global government and antichrist. That apostate world religion, the corrupt woman who rides the beast, is described as riding that which is “covered with blasphemous names”.
Re 17:3 So he carried me away in the Spirit into the
wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of
names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. (NKJV)
Rev. 17:3 Then the angel carried me away in the Spirit into a desert. There I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns. (NIV)
The woman, the whore of Babylon, the apostate world religion is in full agreement with the blasphemous worship of false gods. That fallen-away “church” is coming together now with all the other false religions of the world and the IPM has made themselves a part of that process, especially among those who profess to be “Christians”. This use of the names of false gods in worship, pretending they are YHWH is, in part, a fulfillment of Rev. 17:3. May God have mercy on the souls of those who are leading the churches into blasphemy, even if they are doing so because they themselves are deceived (2 Tim. 3:13)!4
1— Danny Lehmann, Word to the World with host Danny Lehmann, KLHT, 6/26/06
4—Note: I am not a "Holy Name" or "Sacred Name" adherent, and do not agree with some of their unbiblical ideas. But the use of the names of other Gentile gods to worship YHWH is blasphemy according to the Word of God.